Easy Drupal 7 on Ubuntu 14.04

These instructions are for a single site server. If you need to configure multiple sites, you can follow these directions, then setup your vhosts.

Drupal is a very capable CMS, however, it is not easy to configure very quickly. We are giving you instructions for a basic quick installation, and suggest you read their documentation for additional customization to suit your needs.

The instructions were verified on InterServer`s OpenVZ VPS Hosting service, utilizing Ubuntu 14.04 64-bit Minimal version.

Requirements:

  • LAMP installed. See our instructions.
  • InterServer’s OpenVZ VPS Hosting with Ubuntu 14.4 64-bit (instructions are for minimal distribution, but should work for regular distribution as well).
  • Putty or similar SSH client
  • root login and password or an account capable of sudo

Installing Drupal 7

First, will want to make sure our server is upgraded and updated:

  • sudo apt-get upgrade

  • sudo apt-get update

Next, will install Drupal 7:

  • sudo apt-get install drupal7

  • Drupal needs a mail handler, and by default, it will install postfix. This may be the first screen you see. The default option is for internet site.

  • Next it will ask you for your domain name. This is yoursite.com, which it will detect from your configuration. Change or confirm by hitting ok.

Drupal will create a default database:

  • Configure database for drupal7 with dbconfig-common? YES
  • Database type to be used by drupal7: select mysql
  • Password of your database's administrative user: Enter mysql root password
  • MySQL application password for drupal7: create a password for your drupal7 db

Drupal is now on your system, under /usr/share/drupal7.

This is a single site server image, and we can just link it with /var/www/html, Apache's default directory for serving up pages. Since the directory already exists, we will link it to the drupal sub-directory (change from drupal to home, or anything generic:

sudo ln -s /usr/share/drupal7 /var/www/html/drupal <- you can replace the last drupal for home, or whatever you see.

Let's give Apache ownership of the directory, so it can update content within the structure:
sudo chown -R www-data /usr/share/drupal7

Your Drupal site is now accessible from the internet. Let's go there:

http://yoursite.com/drupal/install.php

Select and installation profile

Conratulations, Drupal is now installed! Please read their documentation for additional customization to suit your needs.

(Optional) You may want to wait until your site is ready. If you want yoursite.com/ to show your Drupal site, you can make the following change to Apache:

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default.conf

Make the following adjustment:

Change DocumentRoot /var/www/html to /var/www/html/drupal

Restart Apache:

sudo service apache2 restart

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